DAARTT (Danish Assistance to Afghan Rehabilitation and Technical Training) was founded by the Danish People’s Aid (DPA) in 2003, with the aim to build schools and provide technical on-the-job training in Afghanistan.
DAARTT is specialized in construction and in building capacity in all aspects of construction. Its core staff consists of highly experienced Afghan engineers and architects. In addition, DAARTT is able to draw on a network of international experts.
Originally DAARTT was part of a DPA co-owned NGO in Afghanistan, the Danish Committee for Aid to Afghan Refugees (DACAAR), commencing operation in 1989 as DACAAR’s Buildings Department.
With support from key development partners such as DANIDA, the European Union, Norway, UNODC, UNHCR, Danish Refugee Council, the Afghan Ministry of Education, and private donors, DAARTT has:
• constructed more than 150 schools, clinics, dormitories, justice and other buildings in Afghanistan;
• renovated more than 50 schools;
• produced and distributed more than 100,000 pre-fabricated elements for shelters;
• monitored more than 100 construction projects for donors;
• trained and provided numerous people from local communities with technical skills
• mobilized and built capacity of more than 140 Afghan communities;
• built capacity of central and provincial government authorities for management of school construction projects.
Over its many years of operation DAARTT has carried out activities in almost all provinces of Afghanistan.
Danish People’s Aid
DPA was founded in 1907 and is the oldest, still-operating Non-Governmental Organization in Denmark. DPA is building on voluntary work and provides relief, emergency and development aid and assistance to vulnerable people in Denmark and internationally. The green cross in DPA’s logo symbolizes the values of the organization guiding its activities in providing first aid, carrying out voluntary social work advocating the rights of the underprivileged and vulnerable, performing solidarity work and implementing durable solutions in the development work.
DAARTT aims at promoting equitable development in Afghanistan, in particular related to construction.
DAARTT promotes access to primary and secondary education through school buildings favouring attendance of girls and to higher education through dormitories for female students.
DAARTT also helps promote access to justice and health services by making proper buildings available for the Afghan justice and health systems.
In carrying out its activities, DAARTT aims at mobilizing and empowering local communities and building capacities of local and central authorities in support of equitable development.
As part of its construction activities, DAARTT provides local workers with technical skills through on-site training.
DAARTT also aims at easing the plight of vulnerable Afghan people who find themselves in a humanitarian or emergency situation by providing shelters or elements for shelters and other necessary assistance to those in need.
Compliance with national and local plans
To ensure relevance of DAARTT’s contribution to the development of Afghanistan DAARTT activities are carried out in compliance with the strategies and priorities reflected in the planning framework of the Afghan government. This consists of overarching plans, such as the Afghanistan National Peace and Development Framework (ANPDF), National Priority Programmes and specific strategies, like the National Education Strategic Plan 2015-2020 and provincial development plans.
DAARTT works in close consultation with national and sub-national authorities, adhering to all legal frameworks, regulations and technical requirements.
Work with local communities
DARRTT engages and mobilizes local communities in particular for construction of schools. If a school management committee has not been established or does not function, DAARTT helps organize this.
DAARTT also promotes local school ownership, and willingness to send children (especially girls) to school, contribute to school construction and maintain schools in a good condition.
Community contributions for construction generally consist of providing land for the school, water for construction, shelter and security for project staff, site leveling and preparation, trenches for foundations, and planting trees and bushes.
As much as possible, DAARTT strives to source construction material locally and use local labour for construction. In the process, DAARTT provides technical training to workers, improving their skills and ability to secure employment.
In support of maintenance, DAARTT helps communities establish school maintenance groups, normally consisting of the school headmaster, two teachers, two students, a mason and a carpenter, who are provided with training and tools for maintenance by DAARTT.
DAARTT contributes to gender mainstreaming through the deliberate emphasis on building schools for girls and dormitories for female students. Women are generally at a disadvantage in education.
Important elements to ensuring that schools and dormitories are suitable for girls and women are the availability of water supply and sanitation facilities and protection through boundary walls as well as suitable locations of buildings.
UNSC Resolution 1325 – on women, peace and security
The DAARTT activities work directly in support of Res. 1325 in respect of both the spirit and aims laid out in its preamble and the action prescribed in its operational paragraphs.
DAARTT makes a strong contribution to counter the gender inequality resulting from armed conflict and insecurity, which makes it particularly difficult for girls to pursue education.
In a medium and longer term perspective, the activities promote the participation and influence of women in the political debate by helping advance their education and increases their role in decision making, including with regard to conflict prevention and resolution at national, local and domestic level – also working in support of lowering violence against women.
Through the measures to make schools and universities attractive and acceptable places for girls and women, DAARTT contributes to implementing international humanitarian and human rights law that protects the rights of girls and women during and after conflicts – in particular addressing their special needs in conflict and post conflict situations.